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小学英语语法总结

发布时间:2018/10/15 9:36:28
来源: 个人
地点:无锡
地址:永安路33号
联系人: 名思教育袁老师
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一、there be句型:表示存在,即:“某处有某物”或“某时有某事”。句型基本结构为:There is(are)+ 可数名词单数或不可数名词/复数+时间或地点。如: 1. There are two bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a living room. 2. Is there a forest in the park? Yes, there is. 二、 to be句型:用于介绍个人情况如姓名、健康状况、身份、国籍、家庭成员、朋友、职业等,描述地点、颜色、四季、日期、星期几等: 1. Who’s your English teacher? Miss White. 2. Is she quiet? No, she isn’t. She is very active. 三、 一般现在时句型:表示习惯性的动作或行为,或现在存在着的状况。句型基本结构为:主语+行为动词+其他。当主语是第三人称单数时,要在动词原形后面加s或es,其他人称作主语时则用动词原形,在问句及否定句中需要用助动词do或does。这种句型通常有一些标志词,如:usually often sometimes never always等。如: 1. What do you have on Thursdays? We have English, math and science on Thursdays. 2. What do you do on Saturdays? I watch TV on Saturdays. 3. When do you eat dinner? I eat dinner at 7:00 in the evening. 4 Sometimes I visit my grandparents. I often play football. 四、现在进行时句型:表示说话时正在进行的动作或事件,或在短期内正在进行的动作或存在的情况。标志词是:now 也常用在Look! Listen!等后面。句型主要结构为:be动词(am, is, are)+动词现在分词(v. ing)。如: 1. What are you doing? I’m doing the dishes. 2. Is she counting insects? No, she isn’t. 五、 一般过去时句型:表示过去发生的而现在已经结束的事件、动作或情况。句型基本结构为:主语+动词过去式+其他。标志词通常是:yesterday, last week , last year 等,在问句与否定句中要用助动词did。如: 1.What did you do last weekend? I played football. 2. Did you help them clean their room? Yes, I did. 此外,一般过去时也可用来表示客气的询问。如: What would you like for lunch? I’d like some… 六、 情态动词can引导的句型:表示有能力做某事,can后面的动词要用原形。如: 1. What can you do? I can sweep the floor. 2. I can water the flowers. 3. How can I get to the People’s Park? You can go by the No. 15 bus. 七、 将来时:我们的教材中出现过两种表示将来时的句型,即:will和be going to句型,主要以be going to句型为主,表示将要做某事或打算做某事。句型主要结构:am/is/are + going to + v.原形。标志词有:tomorrow next weekend this morning this weekend next…be going to 1. What are you going to do this weekend? I am going to visit my parents. 2. When is she going to Paris? She is going to go there at 9:00 am.

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